Rental guide


Securing a property to rent

You should begin by finding a suitable property and ensuring that it meets your needs. You will be committed to a minimum stay of 6 months and possibly longer so don’t overlook anything at this stage. Ask any questions at the viewing or afterwards that you wish to know, and if you are happy with the property, let the agent know your interest in writing/email. If successful, the agent will then request references from you and possibly a holding deposit.


Your prospective new landlord will be keen to make sure that you are a suitable tenant and that you have the ability to pay your rent, while also making sure that you have rented a property without any major problems in the past (if this is applicable). If you are sucessful the agent/landlord will inform you and ask your permission to conduct the relevant searches.

If you agree, some, or all, of the following documents may be requested by the letting agent:

  • References from previous landlords – you may be asked to give the details of where you have lived within the last three years
  • A credit check – this will allow them to see if you have a good history of paying your bills
  • Your bank details, including bank name, account number and sort code
  • Details of your employment, including your employer, job title, payroll number, salary and previous employer
  • Identity check – this is very important nowadays and will also establish your right to rent in the UK.

In the event that the information highlights any potential of risk to the landlord, you may be asked to provide a guarantor. A guarantor will be contractually liable, both financially and legally, should you fail to pay the rent during your tenancy or in the event of damage to the property.

The deposit

The final event in your securing the property is the deposit. This is usually between one and two months’ rent and held for the duration of the tenancy. The deposit is a safety net for the landlord to guard against the cost of replacing or repairing property damaged by the renter. It is, however, the single most disputed area of the renting process. Some tenancy agreements however don’t require a deposit from the renter provided they meet certain criteria. It’s best to check the terms and conditions prior to entering into a contract. Some Landlords tend to favour tenants with an excellent credit history, and as such, waive the necessity for a security deposit.

The inventory

If a security deposit is taken this will often be key in deciding how much of your deposit you get back at the end of your agreement. You should therefore be extremely thorough and give it your full attention, while taking the necessary precautions to protect your interests.

How is the inventory prepared?

The inventory is a simple list detailing every item contained within the property and the condition each listed item is in on the day you move in. This may be prepared by either the letting agent or the landlord. Either way, you should go round the property with the landlord or agent and agree the state of each item before signing anything.

If necessary, take photographic evidence to give you extra protection and to avoid any unnecessary disagreement at a later stage. You will be expected to sign the inventory and initial every page, along with the landlord or letting agent.

When will the inventory be checked again?

It is not uncommon for landlords and letting agents to schedule in regular three monthly inventory checks at the property in order to assess any damage that may have occurred. Find out if there are regular checks planned and when they are likely to take place. It is most common, however, for a final inventory check the day you are scheduled to move out.

Tenancy agreements

The tenancy agreement is a contract between you and the landlord. It specifies certain rights to both you and the landlord, such as your right to live in the home for the agreed term and your landlord’s right to receive rent for letting the property.

Assured Shorthold Tenancies

Since the late 90s, ASTs have been the most common form of tenancy agreement and set out the duties of both tenant and landlord. The most important aspect of the agreement is that the landlord has the right to repossess the property at the end of the agreed term. Despite its name, the agreement does not have to be short and can continue as long as both parties are happy to do so. There is no minimum term specified either, although the renter has the right to remain in the property for at least six months.

If the fixed term is for three or more years, however, a deed must be drawn up and a solicitor employed to do so.

There are specific requirements linked to an AST that include:

  • The tenant(s) must be an individual
  • The property must be the main home of the occupant
  • The property must be let as separate accommodation
  • The landlord is obliged to provide the tenant with two months’ notice if they want to terminate the agreement

The agreement will most likely contain the following information:

  • Your name, your landlord’s name and the address of the property which is being let
  • The date the tenancy will commence
  • The duration of the tenancy from the start to the agreed finish of the occupation
  • The amount of rent payable, how often it should be paid, and when it will be paid
  • The agreement should also state what payments are expected, including Council Tax, utilities, service charges
  • What services your landlord will provide, such as maintenance of common areas
  • The notice period which you and your landlord need to give each other if the tenancy is to be terminated

Tenant and landlord rights and responsibilities

The responsibilities of both parties are likely to be detailed within your tenancy agreement, although some conditions may vary between properties and landlords.


Moving out


If you decide to move out, then it’s worth putting in a bit of work to get the property up to scratch to maximise the chances of getting your full deposit back and receiving a glowing reference for future tenancies. As long as the condition of the property is the same as when you moved in (barring normal wear and tear), you’ll have no problem. Here is what you should do:

  • Give the property a thorough clean, including carpets, windows, walls and furniture
  • If it’s your responsibility, tidy up the garden and clear away any rubbish
  • Return all of the keys to the landlord
  • Remove all of your personal belongings
  • Be satisfied you’re leaving the property as you found it

Final inventory check

You’ll have the opportunity to run through the inventory checklist on the day of departure. It’s important that this job is done before you leave the property to avoid you being accountable for any damage that occurs after you’ve left. If there is any damage, you should agree with the landlord the cost of repairing or replacing such items.

If an agreement cannot be reached as to the damage of particular items, which items have been damaged, or repair costs, then you should make sure you take photographs. Get your own repair cost estimates and write to the landlord with your findings and work towards a mutually agreeable solution.

If both you and the landlord are satisfied the property has been left in an acceptable state and you have made your final rental payment, there should be no problem getting your deposit back. If no deposit has been paid and the property is in an unsatisfactory state you will still be in breach of contract and claims for repairs can still be made against you. Remember, any black mark on your tenancy history will be impossible to remove for a long time so it’s better to solve such issues prior to departure. Most landlords will take a reasonable view and will appreciate you making an effort.